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Chemicals Knowledge

Food Additives (E-Number List 1)-Colours

25/09/2016    source£º    Author£º  Viewed£º235

Food additives--Colours

(E-Number list , category: Colours)

Food colours are food additives which are added to foods mainly for the following reasons:
•to make up for colour losses following exposure to light, air, moisture and variations in temperature
•to enhance naturally occurring colours
•to add colour to foods that would otherwise be colourless or coloured differently.
Food colours are contained in many foods, including snack foods, margarine, cheese, jams and jellies, and desserts, drinks, etc.
E  100 Curcumin
E  101  (i) Riboflavin
       (ii) Riboflavin-5'-phosphate
E  102  Tartrazine
E  104  Quinoline Yellow
E  110  Sunset Yellow FCF, Orange Yellow S
E  120  Cochineal, Carminic acid, Carmines
E  122  Azorubin, Carmoisine
E  123  Amaranth
E  124  Ponceau 4R, Cochineal Red A
E  127  Erythrosine
E  128  Red 2G
E  129  Allura red AC
E  131  Patent Blue V
E  132  Indigotine, Indigo Carmine
E  133  Brillant Blue FCF
     Chlorophylls and chlorophyllins
E  140  (i) chlorophylls
      (ii) chlorophyllins
     Copper complexes of chlorophylls and chlorophyllins
E  141  (i) copper complexes of chlorophylls
      (ii) copper complexes of chlorophillins
E  142  Green S
E  150   a  Plain Caramel
E  150   b  Caustic sulphite caramel
E  150   c  Ammonia caramel
E  150   d  Sulphite ammonia caramel
E  151  Brillant Black BN, Black BN
E  153  Vegetable carbon
E  154  Brown FK
E  155  Brown HT
E  160   a  (i) Mixed carotenes
   (ii) Beta-carotene
E  160   b  Anatto, bixin, norbixin
E  160   c  Paprika extract, capsanthin, capsorubin
E  160   d  Lycopene
E  160   e  Beta-apo-8'-carotenal  (C 30)
E  160   f  Ethyl ester of Beta-apo-8'-carotenic  acid (C30)
E  161   b  Lutein
E  161   g  Canthaxanthin
E  162  Beetroot Red, betanin
E  163  Anthocyanins
    Calcium carbonates
E  170  (i) Calcium carbonate
      (ii) Calcium hydrogen carbonate
E  171 Titanium dioxide
E  172 Iron oxides and hydroxides
E  173 Aluminum
E  174 Silver
E  175 Gold
E  180 Litholrubine BK

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